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时间:2019-11-20 17:17| 浏览次 | 下載
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《臨時生存空間》主題闡述

文/鄭龍一海


“生存空間”就是我們日常起居的場所,如今我們大部分人都生活在一個配套完善的現代化社區環境之中。但是在高速現代化進程的當下,仍然有少部分人居無定所。因爲房地産的價格飙漲,原本是居住屬性的房子,變成了類似銀行存款漲息的資産。部分人們別提購買房,就連租房的資金都無法支付,而在北上廣深等一線城市的商品房,很多都是空空置的。

我拍攝的地點在國內相對富裕的廣東珠三角地區,迫于現實住房壓力而棲居郊區戶外搭建棚屋的人們,我稱之爲“臨時生存空間”搭建者,他們基本都是外來務工人員、低收入者、流浪者。在此我不想用主流媒體話語“底層人員”來形容他們。在階級嚴重分化的當下,我的觀念和立場是希望人人平等的,但“人人平等”在居住層面不是現實。因此我不展示他們的肖像,他們不喜歡面對鏡頭,更加畏懼媒體的報道。在郊區的閑置土地,未經官方許可私自搭建住所,可被城管人員定義爲非法行爲,一經發現則進行驅趕。

我在田野調查教學工作的過程中,不斷發現這種臨時搭建棚屋,當隔一段時間再去回訪時,他們已經遷徙了。這是由一系列複雜性因素而構成的現象。因自己作爲普通個體的無力,我不知道該如何去幫助他們,這點非常困擾我。于是編輯這個記錄攝影專題-《臨時生存空間》,希望能引發社會保障機構、低收入居住收容所、各社區義工等相關機構與人士的關注與幫助。

我通過與他們的交談,“臨時生存空間”搭建者因爲知識的壁壘,他們連社會保障機構的申請機制都不知道。

“Living space” is where we live for our daily life. Nowadays most of us live in awell-equipped modern community. However, some people are still homeless even in such a fast-developing society. Because the soaring house price is turning the accommodation for residential purpose into an asset to earn profit. Some people can’t even afford to rent an accommodation let alone buying one while many commercial houses in top cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen are empty.

I took my photos in places of Guangdong Pearl River Delta, where relatively rich people live, but even in those area, some people still have to live in shacks in the suburb. Those “temporary living space builder” are mainly migrant workers, low-income workers and vagrants. I didn’t choose the word “bottom people” which was commonly used by mainstream media as I hold the idea that “Everyone is equal”. Unfortunately, it is not always true especially when the society is increasing divided by the rich and poor. I don't show their portraits because they don’t want to be exposed by media and another reason is that it’s illegal to build accommodations without the official permission and they would lose their home once being discovered.

I found a lot of these temporary shacks during my field investigation and teaching work. But the owner had already moved to other places when I wanted to visit them several months later. This phenomenon is caused by a series of complex factors. I feel sad as what I could do is little. That’ s why I chose "temporary living space" as the topic of my photos - hoping to catch the attention from social security agencies, low-income housing shelters, community volunteers and other related institutions and groups.

The “temporary living space builders” don’t even know how to apply for social security because of their limited knowledge.

鄭龍一海, 1988生于中国广东阳江市, 2012年毕业于广州美术学院油画系,目前就读于广州美术学院实验艺术系研究生,2018年参与荷兰阿姆斯特丹新星星艺术奖驻地项目,访学欧洲。主要创作方式包括:绘画、摄影、手工书、动态影像等。其作品曾展出于今日美术馆、南京艺术学院美术馆、中国美术学院美术馆、喜玛拉雅美术馆、21世纪民生美术馆、广东美术馆、广州美术学院美术馆、三影堂摄影艺术中心、中国连州国际摄影年展、集美阿尔勒国际摄影季、荷兰阿姆斯特丹AAF艺术博览会等。主要奖项: 新星星艺术场大奖; 折桂枝2014中国新锐绘画奖。曾获得2015中国新锐摄影“New Talent Award”提名奖; 2015三影堂摄影提名奖、2017 Inter-Youth国际青年绘画奖等。

Dragon Zheng, born in Guangdong province in 1988, graduated from Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts in 2012. He is now a postgraduate student in School of Experimental Art. As a member of the artist-cultivating program, he visited Netherland and other European countries in 2018. His artworks including paintings, photos, handmade books, and videos have been shown in Guangdong Museum, CAA Art Museum,AMNUA, Today Art Museum and so on. He has been awarded New Star Top Award (Today Art Museum 2014); Chinese New Painting Award (Beijing 2014) Inter-Youth Painting Award in 2017 and nominated in both Chinese New Talent Photography Award and Three Shadows Photography Award in 2015.

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